Mediterranean diets indeed reduces obesity risk, and that’s by at-least 15% according to a recent scientific study done this year. The Mediterranean diet has received much acclaim from nutritional experts worldwide. It is considered to be extremely beneficial for the health with the food items it includes in the diet from olive oil to fish nd veggies. Studies in the past have shown that this diet contributes much to lowering the risks of diseases like peripheral artery disease and diabetes. Recently, researchers have extended its benefits to another aspect of our modern world: obesity. According to the new study, the Meditarrenean diet reduces the risk for children to grow overweight or obese.
Can one diet constitute the solution to the nutritional scourges that have been plaguing the contemporary world? This is what abounding evidence has been proving over the years.
The diet in question focuses on vegetables and fruits, as well as whole grains and nuts. Additionally, it includes fish and poultry at least twice a week, while restricting the consumption of red meat a few times only per month. The Mediterranean diet is so much more than just about food. The lifestyle of those adhering to the diet also highlights the importance of engaging in physical activities and having meals with family and friends.
The researchers set out to investigate how the diet impacts on the health of children from eight countries, namely Sweden, Germany, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Belgium, Estonia and Hungary. The parents of the latter were requested to answer to a questionnaire in order to glean data about the diets of the children, together with the variables needed to calculate their body mass index (BMI).
They then assessed the level of adherence of the children to the Mediterranean diet. It was found out that the children from Sweden were the most adherent, while those from Cyprus ranked lowest. The results showed that the adherent children were 15 % less likely to be overweight or obese. They were also 10-15% less likely to have increases in the BMI. The results demonstrated that complying to the diet was not determined by the regional belonging of the subjects. The diet is not a feature characteristic of the Mediterranean region only.
The researchers suggest that this diet should be made part of the EU obesity prevention strategies since their results showed that the diet has beneficial effects over the health such that the risk for obesity is greatly lowered. The experts further suggest that the diet should be promoted in countries where people tend to adhere to the diet to a lower extent.